The 705th commemorative anniversary of the attainment of Nirvana of Buddha King Trần Nhân Tông was held on Yên Tử Holly Mountain, northern Quang Ninh province on December 3. The King is known as the founder of Vietnamese Zen Buddhism. The largest bronze statue was built in his honor.
The statue of Buddha King Trần Nhân Tông weighs more than 138 ton and is placed on the top of mountain Yên Tử of 920 m in elevation above the sea level. The terrain is difficult here and weather conditions are also severe. All year round is wet and cloudy over the mountain.
The statue’s height is of 6.6 m and sits on a lotus base of 3.3m, which is above the dragon base of 2.7 m. The total cost is close about $3.7 million.
Tran Nhan Tong was born in 1258 and died in 1308. He was the third emperor of the Tran dynasty. Ascended to the throne at the age of 21, the king is famed for defeating twice the Mongol invaders. He abdicated his throne at the age of 35 and spent the rest of his life on the Yen Tu Mountain practicing and propagating Buddhism. He founded the Truc Lam School of Zen, or the Bamboo Forest School at Yen Tu by unifying different sects of Vietnamese Buddhism into Vietnamese Zen Buddhism.
The Vietnam Buddhist Sangha Central Committee has long observed the day King Tran Nhan Tong attained Nirvana (first day of the 11th lunar month) as a national anniversary day for Vietnamese Buddhism.